Growing from seed is a beautiful thing, you start out with this little capsule, which magically grows and develops into a stunning plant! You never know what you’ll get with each seed 🌱
Some things to keep in mind before getting started:
- Seed germination is not easy, each seed has different requirements, some will take 2 days to germinate and others will take 2 months, some can germinate with some soil, water and light, and others need a heat mat, grow lights and greenhouse.
- We are dealing with nature, so don’t expect 100% germination, especially if you’re just getting into the hobby! Be patient, experiment, ask questions, and just enjoy the process <3
- each seed needs the right
Usually if your seeds aren’t germinating, one of the following may need to be tweaked, here’s a breakdown of some of the common things that go wrong when germinating seeds.
Step 1) Selecting the right seeds
- Check the size requirements and germination requirements of the seed to see if they’re the right fit for you. For instance, veggies need a lot of light and space, tropical plants need higher humidity and more work to germinate.
- You can also filter by ease of germination- it’s recommended beginners start with easier seeds and progress from there- it saves a lot of money and frustration!
Read more: How to Choose the Right Seeds for You
Step 2) Seed Prep: Some seeds need some seed prep before planting. This helps replicate the seed’s natural conditions, for instance, stratification is imitating the winter a seed would undergo, so when the seed is warm again, it triggers the germination process as if it were spring.
- Check your seed’s care guide or product page for seed prep details, usually the more difficult seeds do have a seed prep step.
Read more: Scarification blog
Step 3) Set up method: Is there a suggested setup method in the care guide? If not, the go-to is usually the greenhouse method, which means either creating a diy greenhouse or using a greenhouse like the ones we have in our shop.
Read more: 5 different types of Germination Setups.
Step 4) Sowing
This depends again on the set-up method you’ve selected. The two most effective I usually recommend is the greenhouse method or the paper towel method.
Your seed will specify the depth and spacing for planting. With the seeds that come in packs of 100(herbs, veggies or flowers) you can usually sow the seeds more liberally and then thin the seedlings to space them out, for houseplants or succulents, we recommend being more careful with sowing and giving more space for each seed.
Step 5) Heat, Light and Humidity:
Seeds need a lot of heat, light and humidity to germinate.
- For light: *keep your sowing station OUT of direct sun*. Direct sun rays can hurt the seeds and overheat them, it’s a common misconception and beginner mistake. Use a bright windowsill that doesn’t receive much direct sun, or one that only receives a little bit of morning or afternoon sun. North-facing is great, west-facing and east-facing is usually fine, but stay away from those bright south-facing windows!
- Heat: if you have a heat mat, crank it up to 70 or 75F(that’s for most seeds, but you care page will usually specify)
- Humidity: a greenhouse, ziploc bag, jar, or any kind of dome like that is VERY very highly recommended(in fact, if I could make it a requirement, I would)
Step 6) Maintenance
- Keep soil moist, not soggy. Usually this means glancing at the soil to see how it looks through the dome, and then opening the dome every week or so(that way you’re not drying out the greenhouse or causing too many temperature fluctuations by checking too frequently.
- When the seedlings germinate, remove the dome, and make sure to give them good light!